Breeding of Přeštice Black Pied pigs – review
Václavková E., Bělková J., Lustyková A., Frydrychová S., Lipenský J., Rozkot M., Truněčková J.
Autochthonous animal breeds retain many valuable traits, such as a high degree of adaptability to environmental conditions, resistance to climate stress, local parasites and pathogens, and better use of local feed sources. On the contrary, modern breeds, which have been bred for intense reproductive and productive performance, lose these properties. Original breeds are a source of genes useful for improving the health and other characteristics of intensive breeds. In the Czech Republic, the genetic resources of farm animals include the breed of pigs of Preštice Black Pied. This breed originates in western Bohemia in the region of the towns Přeštice, Domažlice and Klatovy. It is characterized by good reproductive performance and adaptability for breeding conditions and nutrition. The breed is characterized by a medium body frame and a very strong constitution. The colour is black and white without the definition of body parts for black and white. The ear is flopped. Adult boars reach 260-280 kg, sows 215-235 kg of live weight. Under normal intensive fattening conditions, it is characterized by less favourable carcass value and cannot be compared with performance of modern meat breeds and hybrids (Matoušek et al., 2013).
Key Words: Přeštice Black Pied breed, reproduction, carcass value, growth