RESEARCH IN PIG BREEDING, 11, 2017 (1)
ENDOPARASITES PREVALENCE OF WILD BOAR (SUS SCROFA) IN CHKO ŠTIAVNICKÉ VRCHY
Kanka T., Rolinec M., Kasarda R., Imrich I., Bučko O.
Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Slovak Republic
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of endoparasites of wild boar in Protected Landscape Area CHKO Štiacnické Vrchy, which has land area of 80 000 hectare. Nowadays in some areas, the count of wild boar exceeds normed count. This reduce carrying-capacity of shooting ground, the biotope gets worse, wild animals don’t find hiding place and water sources too. Increasing of wild animal count in land area causes an increase of viral and bacterial diseases, but mainly parasitic infections. Most frequent transfer way of parasites is oral way – either through consumption of parasites egg or infected host. The most susceptible category are young wild boars, which are after strong invasion of parasites failing in condition and health and are most liable to other disease. This study was realized in year 2016 in CHKO Štiavnické Vrchy. 120 samples were analysed by flotation method and by incomplete helminthological autopsy. Presence of species was evaluated through presence of eggs in samples of faeces and worms in lungs. Prevalence of detected species was as follows: Eimeria spp.: 8.33%, Oesophagostomum dent.: 5.84%, Trichuris suis: 3.33%, Ascaris suis: 3.33%, Metastrongylus spp. 1.67% and Capillaria spp. 1.67%. We can state, that the parasitological situation within analysed wild boars in that area, in mountain Štiavnické vrchy is favourable.
Keywords: Wild boar, flotation, helminthology, endoparasites, prevalence